Antonie van Leeuwenhoek was born in Delft on 24 October In , van Leeuwenhoek was apprenticed to a textile merchant, which is where he probably . Antony van Leeuwenhoek was an unlikely scientist. A tradesman of Delft, Holland, Leeuwenhoek was born in Delft on October 24, (His last name. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is regarded as the ‘Father of Microbiology’ and is known for his pioneering works in relation to microorganisms.

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Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

For the eponymous microbiology journal, see Antonie van Leeuwenhoek journal. List of fungal orders List of mycologists List of mycology journals.

Previously, the existence of single-celled organisms was entirely unknown. Leeuwenhoek continued his work almost to the end of his long life of 90 years. Hooke’s compound microscope, on the other hand, was only able to provide between 40 and 50 magnification.

He also sold buttons, ribbons and other clothing accessories. Van Leeuwenhoek was a contemporary of another famous Delft citizen, the painter Johannes Vermeerwho was baptized just four days earlier.

As Van Leeuwenhoek could only speak Dutch it is unlikely he read the book himself but it is now believed he lesuwenhoek used Hooke’s techniques to develop his own lenses. On this occasion van Leeuwenhoek presented the Tsar an “eel-viewer”, so Peter could study blood circulation whenever he wanted. His uncle was a lawyer and helped Antonie with basic literacy and numeracy, reinforcing the education he had received in local schools. Invan Leeuwenhoek was invited to visit the Tsar Peter the Great on his boat.


These would prove to be awkward to use by a third party which, in part, explains the predominance of compound microscopes today.

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

Hoc videns mihi imiginabar, alterum esse masculinum, alterum femininum. For these animalcules can be carried over by the wind, along with the dust floating in the air.

Retrieved 15 September Microbes in human culture Food microbiology Microbial oil Microbial symbiosis and immunity Nylon-eating Human microbiota asthma dysbiosis fecal Human Microbiome Project gut lung mouth skin vagina in pregnancy placenta uterus Protein production. Margriet, Geertruyt, Neeltje, and Catharina. These spheres became the lenses of his microscopes, with the smallest spheres providing the highest magnifications.

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1632 – 1723)

His father, Philips Antonisz van Leeuwenhoek, was a basket maker who died when Antonie was only five years buography. Despite the initial success of van Leeuwenhoek’s relationship with the Royal Society, soon relations became severely strained. Internet URLs are the best.

Antony van Leeuwenhoek — and Louis Joblot — “.

His work was one of the critical events that leeuwenhoei to the final refutation of the spontaneous generation hypothesis. Antonie had four older sisters: A large collection of his lenses was bequeathed to the Royal Society of London, and they have been found to have magnifying degrees of 50 upwards. Leeuwenhoek subsequently described, in about thirty letters to the Royal Society, many specific forms of microorganisms, including bacteria, protozoa, and rotifers, as well as his incidental discovery of ciliate reproduction.

Returning to Delft when he was 20, he established himself as antom draper and haberdasher. British Broadcasting Corporation Home.


Compared to modern microscopes, it is an extremely simple device, using only one lens, mounted in a tiny hole in the brass plate that makes up the body of the instrument. Of their five children only one, their daughter Maria, survived her father. On that occasion Leeuwenhoek demonstrated circulation in the capillaries of an eel to the tsar. In he was appointed as a land surveyor by the court of Holland ; at some time he combined it with another biofraphy job, being the official “wine-gauger” of Delft and in charge of the city wine imports and taxation.

He opened a draper’s shop, which he ran throughout the s. Eventually, in the face of van Leeuwenhoek’s insistence, the Royal Society arranged for Alexander Petrie, minister to the English Reformed Church in Delft; Benedict Haan, at that time Lutheran minister at Delft; and Henrik Cordes, then Lutheran minister at the Hague, accompanied by Sir Robert Gordon and four others, to determine whether it was in fact van Leeuwenhoek’s ability to observe and reason clearly, or perhaps, the Royal Society’s theories of life that might require reform.

A largely self-taught man in science, he is commonly known as ” the Father of Microbiology “, and one of the first microscopists and microbiologists.