Lawsonia inermis. PlantID, Botanical Name, Lawsonia inermis. Common Name, Heena. Classification. Kingdom: Plantae. Subkingdom: Tracheobionta. view in classification, Species. Plantae + · Tracheophyta + · Magnoliopsida + · Myrtales + · Lythraceae + · Lawsonia +. Lawsonia inermis L. Inventaire National du. L. inermis is a shrub or small tree widely cultivated as an ornamental and hedge plant and for the commercial production of henna, a dye.
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Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page The family Lythraceae comprises 31 genera and species of herbs, shrubs and trees that are recognizable by their flaky bark; opposite, entire leaves that lack gland dots; ovary is more or less superior. Lawsonia inermis Scientific classification Kingdom: Contributions from the United States National Herbarium, The family Lythraceae comprises 31 lf and species of herbs, shrubs and trees that are recognizable by inermie flaky bark; opposite, entire leaves that lack gland dots; ovary is more or less superior.
It is been used for colouring hair and hands from thousands of years.
Dicotyledonae Summary of Invasiveness L. Title Line artwork Caption 1. In Central America and Mexico, it can also be naturalized in secondary vegetation Davidse et al.
The chromosome number reported for L. International Nematology Network Newsletter, 5 3: Impact on biodiversity L. It is glabrous and multi-branched, with spine-tipped branchlets. Henna is a tall shrub or small tree, standing 1.
It also contains mannite, tannic acid, Gallic acid, mucilage and naphtaquinone. It can also be grown as a live fence.
It is listed as invasive in Cuba Oviedo Prieto et al. National list of invasive and potentially invasive plants in the Republic of Cuba – Journal of Essential Oil Research, 7 4: Plants of the Eastern Caribbean. It often grows in temporarily flooded, riverbeds and riverine thickets at elevations up to m Oyen, ; Orwa et al.
Missouri Botanical Garden Press. Plants described in Lythraceae.
Qualitative analysis of some firewood shrubs. First nuclear DNA C-values for 25 angiosperm families.
The native distribution range of L. A rainfed ratoon crop. Cook Islands Natural Heritage Trust.
Journal of Ecobiology, 2 4: Taxonomic Tree Top of page Domain: Physio-chemical analysis of seven seed oils. Thaiszia Journal of Botany, 3: Database inventory of introduced plant species in the rural and urban zones of Galapagos.
The leaves gradually yellow and fall during prolonged dry or cool intervals. Bangladesh Journal classificatiom Microbiology, 6 2: The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. In cultivation, while highest yields occur at years after planting, plants are often left in the field for max. Henna plant has reported a life zone of 19 to 27 degrees centigrade with an annual precipitation of 0.
This species has been widely introduced across tropical and subtropical regions to be used as an ornamental and for henna dye production USDA-ARS, Henna leaves contain an important pigment called ‘lawsone’. The henna plant is native to northern Africa, western and southern Asiaand northern Australiain semi-arid zones and tropical areas.
History of Introduction and Spread Top of page L. Currently, this species classifkcation be found throughout the tropics and subtropics. Antifungal and antibacterial activity of the seed oil of Lawsonia alba Lam. Birds feed on the fruits of L. It is commonly used as hair dye and with the ascending trend of tattoos henna is used for body tattoos which is considered the most safe and painless alternative form of body ornamentation.