Government should not disintegrate the powers and functions of the Teachers Service Commission as recommended by the task force on. Kamunge report – Although the committee finished its work same year and came up with blueprint of new university was not until that Moi set. However from. (P. 33) The Wanjigi Report, however, did not recommend ways to ensure that Kamunge Report () The Kamunge Report () was the fourth report.

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The result was erosion of quality of education in secondary schools as government called for greater cost — sharing in education. Nevertheless, economic decline led to a severe shortage of resources to the extent that the Government could no longer afford to subsidise the coast of secondary schooling for students in public secondary schools. Subsequently, most schools have dropped the vocational subjects,which are offered as options.

The introduction of direct charges was a Wake-up call that in the context of growing enrolments and diminished funding, the Government could no longer finance university education without compromising academic standards.

Kamunge Commission Report and Recommendations

Subsequently, school committees such as Boards of Governors BoG and Parents and Teachers Associations PTAs were empowered to collect school fees and often disregarded minimum school fees structure from the Ministry of Education. As already pointed out, the debt crisis of the decade led to the Structural Adjustment Programmes of the World Bank that were presented as conditionalities to be adhered to if the Government was to be put on the list of aid beneficiaries.

In return, graduates were bonded to Work in the public sector for a minimum of three years. But inthe Government introduced an enhanced cost-sharing scheme that required students to pay in full or in part through a direct charge depending on their need for tuition, food and accommodation. However, the number of primary schools increased from 11, in to 15, inwhile the number of primary teachers colleges rose from 17 to 25 during the same period.

It was also recommended that pressure be reduced on household expenditure on education by increasing public financing on primary and secondary education. Listening to him, one wondered whether he was aware of the recommendations in the Koech Report, which in six annexes provide a clear legal framework for education and training.

During that period, the Government introduced two regimes of free primary education. Looked at broadly, the tendency by this and past governments to set up task-forces to do all sorts of things, but whose recommendations are never implemented, leaves a great deal to be desired.

A major impact of the implementation of the Kamunge Commission report was the rise in the cost of education for parents and guardians, resulting in high dropout rates and persistent repetition of classes. Kamunge Commission — Egerton University Inthe Government elevated Egerton Agricultural College into a constituent college of the University of Nairobi with the express mandate to offer degrees in agricultural sciences and home economics.


Further, few teachers were ready or trained to teach vocational skills. Although there were problems in vocational education offered in primary and secondary schools, enrolment in post-secondary technical institutions remained stable.

It should be remembered that one of the tasks of the Koech team was to review education laws, and this it did by providing a clause-by-clause suggestions on what should be reviewed. During the entire period, universities operated on a stringent budget and students and staff became more militant. It also cancelled student allowances “boom”.

Enrolment in secondary schools climbed fromstudents in toin The two groups were considered for university entry in To contact the copyright holder directly for corrections — or for permission to republish or make other authorized use of this material, click here. Coming out of the “Sessional Paper No 1” ofitself a creation of the National Conference on Education and Training held inthe review was long overdue.

The number of secondary schools also increased from 2, in to 2, in The first 85 students of the university were accommodated at Kaptagat Hotel Where they stayed in tents pitched at the lawn of the hotel.

Kenya: Yet Another Kamunge Report a Bad Idea –

Dropout rates repport highest in the lower primary, while repetition rates were recorded in upper primary classes. But most significant, it is during this period that the Government introduced the Third Free Primary Education Initiative in The party’s recommendations, contained in what is popularly known as the Kamunge Report, led to the introduction of cost-sharing in public education.

Mackay to prepared etailed plans of a new university in the country. Consequently, enrolment rose by Thereafter, tremendous development took place in terms of construction of physical facilities,student enrolment, staff recruitment and development of academic programmes. Soon afterward, the college opened its doors to kamungd of all races in Kenya and other African countries.

Untrained primary teachers were to get in service training. The Government decreed in that all unaided harambee schools were eligible to receive government assistance.

These include the review of the laws governing the Commission for Higher Education, Higher Education Loans Board, and the individual public universities’ Acts. According kmunge educational researchers at the Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis, high dropout rates and repetition rates reversed the gains that had been achieved in previous years.

Kenya: Yet Another Kamunge Report a Bad Idea

Whereaspupils had enrolled in Standard 1 inonly kamungee, sat the KCPE ina dropout of about 60 per cent of the initial enrolment. Nairobi — Education minister George Saitoti set the ball rolling this week when he formed a team to review all laws in education.


By then the gains that were realized, with the introduction of the Second Free Primary Education were steadily eroded with introduction of the system of education. The expansion of educational opportunities has been the primary objective of the Government since the attainment of rsport. Your comment may take some time to appear. Indeed, the early s represent one of the dark phases in the development of higher education in this country.

The Kamunge Commission wanted Bachelor of Education programmes in universities to take five years, growth in university standard enrolment be matched with the educational resources and the development of public universities be coordinated and harmonized.

The result was that these schools, technical training institutions and teachers training colleges, had to look for ways of generating money to pay their workers and cater for shortfalls arising out of the financial cutbacks.

As a result some of the better public schools became exclusive province of students whose parents who could afford to pay high fess. Romantic Questions to Ask A Girl 2. Observers, however, take exception to the composition of the team in terms of representation, duplication of efforts, and its ability to deliver on education reforms.

All these had the negative result of pushing many students out of school. According kamunve Prof Everett Standa, the chairman of Vice-Chancellors Committee on Causes of Disturbances and Riots in Public Universities, inadequate funding to meet physical needs of the students, poor food and overcrowded hostels played a major in the chain of events that led to closures in s.

Vocational education kamunve institutionalized in the curriculum with introduction of the system of education. That would be detrimental to the team’s work.

It also proposed admission of day university students and the creation of the Kenya Education Staff Institute. The 18 technical institutes also had a total of 7, students, while the 17 institutes of technology had a combined enrolment of 5, students. Mr Kamunge is a seasoned educationist and accomplished administrator, who has spent almost all his adult life in education management, crowning his achievements at the World Bank, where he was an education consultant.

Arising out of the Kamunge Report and the subsequent “Sessional Paper No 6” ofthe Government completely withdrew funding to primary and secondary schools and officially introduced user fees at public universities. After the introduction of cost-sharing, enrolment in schools took a nosedive, and by the mids, primary it had dropped to about 70 per cent.