Lyotard develops the notion of paganism in “Lessons in Paganism” (reprinted in The Lyotard Reader), Just Gaming and various other short works of the late. Just Gaming~~ [ean-Francois Lyotard and Jean-Loup Thebaud Translated by Wlad Godzich Afterword by Samuel. Just Gaming Information Dynamics in Virtual Worlds: Gaming and Beyond. Woody Evans The Political Ethics of Jean-François Lyotard and Jacques Derrida.

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Postmodern science searches for instabilities in systems, undermining predictability.

This is particularly evident in gaimng Lyotard calls “postmodern science” – the search for instabilities [see Science and Technology]. This is the libidinal band sometimes called the libidinal skin.

Social Criticism Without Philosophy: The nihilistic aspect of representational theory is this denial of the libidinal. Instead, what we must do as pagans is meet every circumstance that requires judgement anew, and create criteria specific to that case by an affirmative act of the imaginative will.

Jean-Francois Lyotard & Jean-Loup Thebaud, Just Gaming – PhilPapers

Lyotard’s response to the nihilism of structure takes place through the concept of dissimulation, which suggests that libidinal energy must work within structures. Systems and affects dissimulate each other. He calls into question the powers of reason, asserts the importance of nonrational forces such as sensations and emotions, rejects humanism and the traditional philosophical notion of the human being as the central subject of knowledge, champions heterogeneity and difference, and suggests that the understanding of society in terms of “progress” has been made obsolete by the scientific, technological, political and cultural changes of the late twentieth century.


Gaming and the Limits of Digital Embodiment. Part of Lyotard’s aim is to defend the importance of the figural and sensual experience such as seeing. I would recommend it to anyone interested in listening to a French theorist thinking out loud with an accomplice and covering a wide range of topics with ease and flair.

Lyotard is generally responding to claims about justice that have haunted European models of political engagement since the middle ages, and his central claim is that because the entirety of expression is merely a game, then there is no firm ground for theories of justice to land on.

What these writers share is a concern with the decline of belief in objective values the “death of God” and the strangeness and nausea of the human body.

Just Gaming by Jean-François Lyotard

Lyotard’s analysis of the limits of reason and representation is played out in Discours, figure through the terms of the discursive and the figural. Lyotard rejects the claims of any discourse to be grounded in truth. Share your thoughts with other customers.

The other side of the tensor contains residual potentialities for other meanings. While Lyotard has given up on the possibility and desirability of a socialist revolution, he is still interested in the deployment of revolutionary desires. He uses the example of the revisionist historian Faurisson’s demands for proof of the Holocaust to show how the differend operates as a sort of double bind or “catch In other words, prescriptions and the politics and concepts of justice that follow them are a neat, totally-designed game that we are constantly playing.

Structuralism seeks to explain everything in terms of underlying, conditioning structures that take the form of rigid systems of oppositions. In modernity the narrative of science was legitimated by one of a number of metanarratives, the two principal ones being respectively Hegelian and Marxist in nature.


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Jean-François Lyotard (1924—1998)

Lyotard argues, for example, that sociology has need of a lyotarc definition of the essence of the social before it can proceed effectively as a science. Firstly, postmodernism is said to be the avant-garde movement always at work within modernism itself.

Lyotard describes the wholly impersonal as well as the personal in terms of feelings and desires, and paints a picture of the world that moves and is moved in the ways that feelings lyotar people. Lyotard rejects phenomenology’s attempt to find a third way between subjectivism and objectivism, and asserts Marxism’s superiority in viewing subjectivity as already contained in objectivity. Lyotard’s concept of postmodernism in the arts relates more to what is usually called modernism in the arts.

A Report on Knowledgecommissioned gamng the government of Quebec and published in In response to these threats, Lyotard proposes that the public be given free access to memory and data banks. The Postmodern Condition is a study of the status of knowledge in computerized societies. Lyotard’s early political commitments were to revolutionary socialism and a relatively orthodox Marxism see Biography and Early Works b Algeria.

Lyotard uses the metaphors of flatness and depth to refer to discourse and figure, respectively.